Frequently Asked Questions about Oral and Dental Health

In summer, increase in children’s mobility also increases the probability of falling, crashing incidents. Damage to the teeth is often a concern, especially for the parents.

1. First, watch out for a more urgent situation, like loss of consciousness, bleeding or serious injury.

2. If there is a dental injury, keep calm and assess the situation.

3.  The teeth may be broken. Try to find the broken piece, check if it is stuck inside the mouth and watch out for choking or accidentally swallowing the broken piece.

4. The tooth may have fallen out. Try to find the broken piece.

5.  Soak the broken piece in a milk and go to a pedodontist within an hour, the latest.

Bone development should be completed at the time of implant application. Bone development is usually completed before the age of 18, and earlier in women than in men. In doubtful cases, the status of the bone can be checked by hand x-ray examination.

  1. Soft or medium hard toothbrushes with small tips, compact bristled, round bristled and straight cut bristle bundles should be preferred. Hard toothbrushes can damage your teeth.
  2. The toothbrush should not be too large for easier movement and better access to the posterior teeth.
  3.  Toothbrush should be changed every few months, 3 months at maximum.
  4.  Use interspace brushes or dental floss to ensure effective cleaning of the dental face on the physician’s advice

Tooth decay is often made up of dark holes. Although it can be prevented by using different techniques, most people have experienced tooth decay. The dental plaque in the mouth consists of bacteria and produces acid by using the residues from sugar and baked products. These acids cause the tooth enamel to decompose and transforms into a tooth decay. Today, causes of dental caries are known.  There are three factors that causes tooth caries:

1. Dental plaque ( plaque made of bacteria)

2. Foods rich in carbohydrates ( sugar, flour etc.)

3. Structural change (change in the tooth structure, saliva, etc.)

Regardless of whether or not one’s  dental health is balanced, a change in one of the factors mentioned above may lead to decay.

One of the most common side effects of pregnancy is gingivitis. Around 50% of pregnant women experience gingivitis. Bacteria from gum inflammation travels through the bloodstream and can affect your baby's health. It is important to visit your dentist regularly during pregnancy.


If you have a concern about the destruction of a healthy tooth tissue, modern dentistry involves protective techniques such as bonding, teeth whitening and laminate restorations without removing any substance from the tooth to enhance your smile. At the same time, if you have missing teeth, which means placing teeth roots, and restoring your teeth, similar to the original one. It is very easy to have aesthetically nice looking and durable teeth. All of these treatment techniques can be successfully applied in our clinics.

There are many types of implants. Choosing a world-class and scientifically approved implant brand directly affects the success of the treatment and the lifetime of the implant being applied. It is important to consult the experts’ opinion when choosing an implant.

In most cases, root canal can be treated. There are some conditions where tooth extraction is preferred:

1. Some root fractures

2. In cases where there is no adequate jaw bone support

3. When the canals are completely clogged

4. When the upper structure of the tooth is not adequate

But with today's modern technologies, it is possible to preserve many teeth which were only deemed to be extracted few years ago. In some complicated cases, if the problem persists even after canal treatment, these teeth can still be further preserved by additional endodontic surgery.


In recent years, orthodontic treatments have been applied to adults, as well as to children. Adult patients who are not pleased with the appearance of their teeth can achieve a more beautiful smile with the development of new treatment techniques. It is now possible to treat the teeth with a lingual orthodontic bracket, which is applied in the inner surfaces of the teeth and are practically invisible, getting rid of the unaesthetic traditional bracket.  Planning, duration and outcome is similar to the conventional braces.

It is never too late to have implants to improve your quality of life. The risk is as low as zero, and implants can be applied to 70,80 or even 90 years old patients. There is no upper age limit. If you are in a suitable condition for any other routine dental treatment and your health condition is intact, you can have implants.

Implant-supported teeth doesn’t only look like your natural teeth, but can also be cleaned with the same toothbrush,including an electric toothbrush, and the same amount of toothpaste. The gaps between the teeth and the transitions to the gums are particularly important when cleaning the implants. These regions are usually colonized by bacteria that can damage the gums and over time may also affect the bone around the implant. This can be prevented by using dental floss or small  interspace toothbrushes. Your dentist and his/her team will show you how to use these instruments and will perform a professional dental cleaning procedure at regular intervals (e.g every 3 months). With this process, the plaque will be removed and your teeth will always look as good like a new tooth. You should visit your dentist regularly.

Implants are artificial tooth roots that completes the missing teeth. Implants are made of pure titanium, which is completely bio-compatible. Under appropriate conditions and with proper oral hygiene, the implant lasts for a lifetime.

Dental implants restore functionality of your natural teeth and restore the aesthetic appearance. In addition to the natural teeth, the implants also require regular care to ensure a healthy tissue environment. Your toothbrush plays a great role on keeping your tooth safe. It is very important to clean your teeth and as well as your removable denture. as well as clean your natural teeth. A small amount of non-corrosive toothpaste is recommended. For implants and prostheses to last, they should be cleaned in a daily basis. Therefore, it is a good idea to follow a routine each time you brush to make sure the entire surface is cleaned.

The biggest fear of implants is "feeling pain”. Most of the patients report very little discomfort during and after the implant operation. Only local anesthesia is used during the procedure and patients experience lesser pain than in tooth extraction. Mild complaints after the operation can be solved with a simple painkiller.

3D imaging methods should be used to examine the bone structure and to create a suitable bone conditions. After the evaluation, our specialist applies the implant with a simple operation. For the jaw and implant to be fused together, we will need to wait for approximately 3 months for the upper jaw and 2 months for the lower jaw. Once the healing phase is complete, the abutment is attached to the implant. The abutment is used to attach the prosthesis (bridge, crowns, removable prosthesis, etc.) and the treatment is completed.

Implants are the best solution to replace missing teeth. It is not necessary to cut adjacent teeth and cause damage. With the confidence of having a perfect teeth, you can laugh and eat as much as you like. Chewing function, the first rule of a healthy digestion, becomes 100% efficient with implants. Losing teeth leads to the collapse of facial lines, creating asymmetry. The face and profile shape are preserved with the implants. Your smile always stay the same.

In cases where the dental pulp is damaged, the alternative to root canal treatment is tooth extraction. In order to prevent other teeth from slipping and re-chewing, an implant or bridge must be made instead of having tooth extraction. For a bridge treatment, the adjacent teeth (left and right) are reduced in size, and are used to support the bridge. But we must not forget that no matter how good the treatment is, we cannot replace our original tooth.

The root canal specialist (endodontist) cleans the inflamed or damaged pulp first. The canals, spaces inside your tooth, is then treated. It then shapes and expands the channels of the tooth to make the channel fill. The channel fill process can also take place on the next appointment. The canals are then shaped and expanded to make room for the root canal filling. The root canal filling process can also take place on the next appointment.

The removal of the inflamed or dead pulp from the tooth during root canal treatment provides a significant pain relief. Many patients who have been treated with local anesthesia and modern technical methods reports almost no pain during the procedure. One to two days after the treatment, you may experience tooth sensitivity. After the root canal treatment and the root canal filling process is completed, your tooth may look different to you, but this feeling will go away within a few days.

Root canal treatment can be completed in a single or two sessions. The teeth is examined and anesthesia is administered if necessary. With the help of rubber-dam, the teeth to be treated is isolated from the saliva and bacteria.

1. The tooth is drilled and canal system where the pulp is located is cleaned.

2. The entrance of the canal is then expanded using fine canal files. Thus, the entire duct system is cleaned and disinfected.

3. After the canals are cleaned, they are filled with filling materials, and according to the condition of the teeth, composite filling, onlay or onlay is applied.

4. After the root canal treatment, coatings are the best possible protection for most of the time.


The main objective of dentistry is to maintain the patient's chewing function by maintaining the teeth in the mouth. The visible part of the tooth is called the crown and the remaining part embedded within the jaw bone is called the root. The crown is wrapped with gums. The teeth contains hard and soft tissues. The hard tissues of the teeth include the enamel, the outer part of the tooth, and the dentin located just beneath it. The cement binds the teeth with the gums and jaw bones and is located within the root. Inside the crown and the root is the pulp where the blood vessels and nerves run through. Pulp is the tissue that provides the vitality, development, nutrition and defense for the tooth. Pulp may become inflamed for various reasons or may be infected by microorganisms. In this case, the pulp must be removed and the cavity should de cleaned, disinfected, re-shaoes and filled with tissue- compatible canal fillers. This process is called root canal treatment.

Root canal treated teeth are prone to fractures.  In case of molars, application of strong forces must be avoided or the teeth can be covered by coating or onlay as recommended to protect against fracture because of the lack of hard tissue.

1.Excessive sensitivity for hot and cold foods

2. Excessive pain when eating or when pressure is applied on the teeth

3. Pain on the teeth and gums

4. Severe pain that occurs spontaneously, especially at night

5. Tooth fractures

6. Visible tooth caries  or caries that can be felt with the tongue

7. The level of the roots, acne-like points of inflammation

8. Bleeding, halitosis and bad taste despite not brushing around the suspected affected teeth

Root canal treatment is needed when there is a dental pulp necrosis and inflammation. Pulp is a soft tissue consisting of blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue in the root canal system. Inflammation can cause by:

1.Tooth decay caused by chemical or natural factors

2. Trauma caused by accidents

3. Cracked and inflamed pulp causing pain and jaw bone damage when left untreated

Rubber Dam is a thin cover made of flexible plastic or rubber material. In treatments requiring a completely dry environment, Rubber-Dam is used to isolate the teeth from the rest of the mouth, and also serves as the dam. This application is especially important in root canal treatment, adhesive restorations (such as Aesthetics, Inlay, Onley), tooth whitening applications and amalgam fillings. Rubber-Dam prevents the tooth to get in contact with the bacteria and saliva. In addition, the lip, tongue and cheek of the patient are isolated without the use of cotton and hand tools. In this way, a completely dry environment makes it easier for your dentist to see the treatment area and to work meticulously. At the same time, wastes or foreign body substances (such as parts of amalgam filler, liquids, medicines, root canal treatment materials etc.) used during the treatment are prevented from being swallowed or aspirated by the patient. The places of the teeth that will be treated first are marked with a pencil on the Rubber-Dam and holes are made. Metal holes (clamps) are passed through these holes and placed on the teeth. The edges of the Rubber-Dam are stretched and left open by a special frame. The waste water during the treatment will not enter into the mouth and is removed from the top of the Rubber-dam by the dentist's assistant.

We all want to have a great smile like the movie stars. But we are also afraid of the long sessions with the, the associated bills and the difficulty treatment process. Contrary to what you think, you can come achieve a brighter and more wonderful smile with 5 simple easy and inexpensive tips:

1.Have a thorough tartar removal session.

2. Carefully follow the dental care recommendations of your doctor to avoid swollen, red, bleeding and ugly gums.

3. In the world of modern dentistry, whitening techniques can be done even in the lunch break. Make your teeth white.

4. Get your caries removed and treated. Replace old fillings, especially on the anterior surfaces of the teeth.

5. Your doctor can correct the asymmetries in your teeth by using dental filling materials in the anterior area. These mini corrections can create unbelievable results without removing any part of your teeth.

Bacterias causing periodontal diseases affect your body health in two ways; first, the bacteria reaches and affects your vital organs such as heart and kidney through the blood vessels, which is different from the digestive system route. Second, the bacterial products, cells fighting bacterias and biochemicals can lead to arteriosclerosis, heart disease, uncontrollable diabetes, low birth weight, stroke, or exacerbation of existing systemic condition.

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