Gingival disease is an important health problem which is as common as tooth decay and can cause tooth loss.
Periodontal fibers supports teeth, gums, jaw bone and allows the teeth to be attached to the jaw bone.
Gingivitis occurs when the gums are inflamed. If the disease progresses, affects other tissues and bone resorption occurs, it is then called Periodontitis (commonly known as pyorrhoea).
What are the symtoms?
Gingival disease is difficult to notice because it does not cause pain. The most important symptom is bleeding while brushing. Other symptoms include halitosis, bad taste, red, swelling or receding gums, displaced tooth, loose teeth and abscess formation. Gum disease does not only result in tooth loss when left untreated, but also has an effect on the development of some systemic diseases and exacerbates existing diseases. Heart diseases, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, stroke, premature birth and low birth weight infant birth are among those conditions.
What are the causes?
The most important cause of gum disease is “microbial dental plaque”, which consists of millions of microbes that build up on the surfaces of the teeth, and spaces between the teeth and gums, caused by poor oral hygiene
The microbes in this layer and the harmful substances they produce cause periodontal disease. The plaque is soft and easily cleaned with toothbrush and dental floss. If it is not cleaned, it becomes calcified and a tartar is formed.
Gum diseases are treated by different methods and is determined by the circumstances of the case. Gingival health is sometimes achieved with tartar removal, but advanced problems require various surgical operations and laser treatments. In appropriate cases, lost tissues are regenerated with bone grafts and materials.
For the treatment of gum diseases, you can book an appointment with Aydınlar Dental specialists by using the form below. For further details, you can check our frequently asked questions, or you can send us your message using the same form.